Passion Week

Responses to Jesus II: Friends

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Prayer on the Mount of Olives, Duccio di Buoninsegna

How loyal are your friends? Have they ever hurt you, let you down, or perhaps even betrayed you? If you’ve been disappointed by someone close to you, then you and Jesus share something in common.

I have divided my  10-minute Palm Sunday sermon on Luke 22-23 into three blog posts. The first one was about how Jesus’ enemies respond to him, during Passion Week.

This post looks at the response of Jesus’ friends.

  • How do Jesus’ friends, his disciples, respond to him?
    1. One, they argue in front of Jesus over who is the greatest (Luke 22:24-27).
      1. As Jesus is going to die, his disciples are bickering who will be considered the greatest after he’s gone.
    2. Two, they abandon Jesus while he prays (Luke 22:39-46).
      1. On the Mount of Olives, Jesus asks his disciples to pray with him, but they fell asleep (see image above).
      2. And in Mark’s gospel, they fall asleep three times (Mark 14:32-42).
    3. Three, they betray Jesus, with a kiss (Luke 22:21-23, 47-48).
      1. Despite being warned by Jesus beforehand, Judas betrays Jesus to his death, essentially handing him over to the Jewish leaders to want to kill him.
    4. Four, they deny Jesus (Luke 22:31-34, 54-62)
      1. Three times Peter denies being a friend of Jesus.
      2. And like Judas, Peter was warned ahead of time, and yet he still did exactly what Jesus predicted.
  • Not Shocking Jesus
    1. The fact that Jesus’ enemies treated him negatively (mocking, accusing, and killing–see last blog) we can understand, but the fact that even his disciples, his closest friends treated him so negatively (arguing, abandoning, betraying, and denying) is shocking.
    2. Yet, most of these actions against Jesus were predicted by Christ himself beforehand and many of which were repeated three times.
    3. One thing people didn’t do to Jesus was to shock him.
    4. I’d like to think I wouldn’t have been among the people betraying, denying, mocking, and killing Jesus. But realistically, I’m sure I would have.
    5. In the final hours of Jesus’ life everyone rejected him, a microcosm of what happened in the Garden of Eden, and throughout human history, as all of humanity ultimately rejects Jesus.

In the final post, I’ll look at one often over-looked hopeful response to Jesus during Passion week.

Image from http://www.artbible.info/art/large/157.html
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Responses to Jesus I: Enemies

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Jesus Before Herod Antipas, Albrecht Durer, 1509

I was preaching at a church this past weekend, Palm Sunday, and was given five texts to preach from in 10 minutes.  It was an Episcopal church, they cover a lot of text in a short amount of time.  Efficient.  Isaiah 50:4-9a; Psalm 31:9-16; Philippians 2:5-11; Luke 19:28-40; 22:14-23:56.  Only 148 verses.  About Jesus’ Passion and death.  In ten minutes.  No problem.

Now, to be fair, they told me I could just focus on one aspect, so being a good Old Testament scholar, I skipped the Old Testament (and Paul), and focused on the gospel, of Luke, in this case.  So that eliminated 21 verses; only 127 left.

I then decided to reflect on the question of how do people respond to Jesus, and I’ll divide my 10 minute sermon into 3 short blogs.  Today, we focus on how Jesus’ enemies respond to him during his final hours.

  • The biggest question we have to face in this life is…
    1. How do we respond to Jesus?
    2. Over the course of his ministry people either loved or hated Jesus, which sounds a bit like the presidential candidates.
    3. But as Jesus’ ministry winds down during Passion Week, the responses to him shift from being both positive and negative, to being exclusively negative.
  • How do Jesus’ enemies respond to him?
    1. One, they mock and beat Jesus (Luke 22:63-65; 23:11-12, 35-38).
      1. In three separate incidents, the solders, the chief priests, King Herod, and even one of the criminals hanging on a cross next to him take turns mocking and beating Jesus.
    2. Two, they interrogate and accuse Jesus (Luke 22:66-71; 23:1-10).
      1. In three separate incidents, the chief priests, Pilate, and King Herod interrogated and accused Jesus of perverting the nation and instigating a rebellion.
    3. Three, they crucify and kill Jesus (Luke 23:26-46).
      1. Three times the crowd tells Pilate to Crucify Jesus (Luke 23:21, 23), which was exactly what the chief priests were hoping for.
    4. Mocking, accusing, killing…that’s how Jesus’ enemies respond.

Jesus’ enemies are brutal, even vicious to him, before they kill him.  And we see a pattern of their brutality being repeated in threes.

Jesus wasn’t surprised by any of this.  As we read through the gospels, he predicted it all, and yet he still went ahead, enduring the cross, despising the shame, for the joy set before him (Heb. 12:1).

Next we focus on Jesus’ friends.  

Image: By Albrecht Dürer – http://www.conncoll.edu/visual/Durer-prints/smallpass2.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1005637